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The Pico Island’s landscape is extremely diverse, composed by well-preserved habitats/indigenous formations.

There are more than 80 species and subspecies of the Azores endemic flora, highlighting for its uniqueness the subspecies Silene uniflora cratericola that occurs only in Pico Mountain.

There are also endemic insects, among which are three species of beetles, of the Trechus genus, occurring simultaneously in the Gruta dos Montanheiros (cave).

The island has several Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) and Special Protection Areas (SPA) within the Natura 2000 network and one Ramsar Site.

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