Ponta da Restinga
Protected Area for the Management of Habitats or Species
With an area of 70.23 hectares and a maximum height of approximately 170 metres, this protected area covers the coastal sea-cliffs between Ponta do Carapacho and Fenais, and integrates Ponta da Restinga and Ponta do Engrade.
It comprises high sea-cliffs with volcanic necks, basaltic dykes and surtseyan tuffs that were exposed due to marine erosion. In geological terms, it should be noted that there are some sources of thermal water, as the one in Termas do Carapacho, and the thermal spring of Homiziados, located on the east side of the Ponta da Restinga.
In this habitat, we can find colonies of seabirds, of which stands out the Calonectris borealis and the Sterna hirundo and examples of the Azores endemic flora such as the Daucus carota Azoricus, the Festuca petraea, the Erica azorica, the Euphorbia azorica, the Spergularia azorica, the Solidago azorica, the Polypodium azoricum. The Morella faya, a Macaronesian endemism, is also observable in this habitat.
This protected area has the statute of Special Area of Conservation (SAC), within the Natura 2000 network, as well as the statutes of Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) Ilhéu de Baixo e Costa Adjacente, of the BirdLife International organization/SPEA (Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds), and of Nucleus Zone of the Biosphere Reserve and integrates a priority geosite (Ponta Carapacho, Ponta da Restinga and Ilhéu de Baixo) of the Azores UNESCO Global Geopark.