Ponta da Barca
Protected Area for the Management of Habitats or Species
With an area of 41.97 hectares, Ponta da Barca corresponds to a coastal strip, stretching from Calhau Miúdo to Barro Vermelho that presents vegetation of the Macaronesian coasts and permanent vegetation of pebble coasts.
It’s a rocky sea-cliff of difficult access, with a maximum height of 90 metres, with several caves and clayey areas with cavities.
In this area, marine erosion highly affected the vents feeding system of the existing scoria and tuff cones, exposing their dyke systems and volcanic necks.
In this habitat, we find colonies of seabirds, of which stands out the Calonectris borealis, the Sterna hirundo, the Hydrobates castro, the Hydrobates monteiroi and the Puffinus lherminieri baroli and examples of the Azores’ endemic flora, such as Festuca petraea, Daucus carota Azoricus, Solidago azorica, Spergularia azorica and Euphorbia azorica.
This protected area has the statutes of Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) Ilhéu da Baleia e Ponta da Barca, of the BirdLife International organization/SPEA (Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds), and of Nucleus Zone of the Biosphere Reserve.