Ponta dos Rosais
Land area, with approximately 170 hectares, that includes the islets and the Ponta dos Rosais in the northwest end of the island.
Ponta dos Rosais is characterized by high and steep sea-cliffs and several islets, featuring an imposing rocky tip extending northwest in the adjacent marine zone, in the form of a submarine volcanic ridge. Marine erosion has uncovered the stratigraphic sequence and the inner structure of this sector of the island, including volcanic cones, several dykes, a volcanic neck and outcrops of basaltic scoria with grains of different sizes and shades, from black to reddish.
This monument provides lodging for a large number of breeding seabirds, including the Sterna dougallii, the Sterna hirundo, the Puffinus lherminieri and the Calonectris borealis, as well as some species of terrestrial birds as the Buteo buteo rothschildi, the Columba palumbus azorica, the Fringilla coelebs moreletti and the Serinus canaria.
Regarding flora, and due to the unique characteristics of this place, it is possible to observe a meadow of Rumex azoricus, a protected species that forms communities in scarce places. Other endemic species such as the Erica azorica, the Myosotis maritima and the Festuca petraea also stand out.
This site is part of the Special Area of Conservation (SAC) Ponta dos Rosais within the Natura 2000 network, also constituting an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) and a geosite of the Azores UNESCO Global Geopark.