Zona do Morro
Protected Area for the Management of Habitats or Species
With 37 hectares, Zona do Morro is located on the shoreline that divides Prainha and Santo Amaro parishes, and resulted from a volcanic lava flow, which spread from the island’s top to the sea, originating this lava delta.
This area, whose altitude ranges from sea level and 60 metres of altitude, is characterized the presence of lava of pahoehoe type that grants it flat continuous surfaces or wavy with smooth slope, on which it is possible to see a well-preserved endemic Macaronesian heath that is a priority habitat of the Natura 2000 network.
Among the vegetation, it is possible to find walls of dark basalt, which are abandoned vineyard plots and were used to protect the vineyards from the winds and the salty sea breeze.
This protected area has high landscape values, with flora and fauna endemic species, and is a very important zone for the nesting of the protected species Calonectris borealis.
This protected area is also an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) of the BirdLife International organization.