Lagoa do Caiado
Protected Area for the Management of Habitats or Species
The Lagoa do Caiado is the largest lagoon of Pico, with an area of about 5 hectares. Its hydrological basin has about 19 hectares and is at an average altitude of 821.8 metres.
The ecological state of the lagoon is excellent, mainly because, since 1993, the lagoon water is captured for public supply by the São Roque do Pico Town Council, verifying, since then, the absence of agricultural activities practices in the hydrological basin, which is mainly occupied by forest areas.
This protected area is included in the Montanha do Pico, Prainha e Caveiro Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Zona Central do Pico Special Protection Area (SPA), within the Natura 2000 network, in the Zona Central do Pico Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA), and in the Planalto da Achada (plateau) priority geosite of the Azores UNESCO Global Geopark. It is also a Ramsar Site under the Ramsar Convention.