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Caldeira do Faial


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The Caldeira Viewpoint is one of the most beautiful of Faial Island. Located in its central part, Caldeira (caldera) is the most relevant natural element of the island. It has a diameter of about 2 kilometres and an average depth of 400 metres, covered with opulent vegetation of Laurel Forest.

This caldera resulted from successive reduction phases of a 410 thousand years old volcano whose last eruption occurred only 1000 years ago, covering about 75% of the island's surface with incandescent pumice.

At the bottom, there is a cone resulting from this latter eruptive phase, which is very similar to the shape of Faial Island.

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