Monte da Guia
Protected Landscape Area
Located southeast of Horta city, this protected area, with 74 hectares, consists of two volcanic cones, Monte da Guia and Monte Queimado (hills), craters, slopes, sea-cliffs, bays, coves, shingle and sandy beaches, rocky reefs and sea caves.
Monte da Guia is a surtseyan tuff cone that resulted from a submarine basaltic volcanism, with a predominant projection of volcanic ashes. It has a maximum altitude of 145 metres and is connected to the island by an isthmus with a dune system called Entre Montes. It has two attached craters that are open to the sea at south – the Caldeirinhas – classified as a Nature Reserve and are maternity zones for fish species.
Monte Queimado is a basaltic scoria cone associated with a subaerial eruption of the strombolian type and has a maximum altitude of 81 metres. On the slopes of the cone, partially dismantled due to marine erosion, it is possible to observe the pyroclastic materials that built it (ashes, lapilli and volcanic bombs) and basaltic dykes.
In this site is highly visible human intervention since the last century. However, it remains one of the sites of excellence of the Azores, because it includes the priority habitat with grey dunes and endemic vegetation of high value, such as the Erica azorica, the Euphorbia azorica and the Festuca petraea, or the natives Morella faya and Juncus acutus. This location is also an ideal habitat for birds such as the Calonectris borealis, the Sterna hirundo and the Ardea cinerea.
Here it is possible to cross the Entre Montes walking trail (PRC08FAI) and to visit the Dabney’s House, the Live Fish Station - Porto Pim Aquarium and the Whaling Station.
This area belongs to the Monte da Guia e Porto Pim geosite of the Azores UNESCO Global Geopark and integrates a Special Protection Area (SPA) within the Natura 2000 network. Surrounding the Monte da Guia is the Canal Faial-Pico/Sector Faial Protected Area of Resources Management.