Descent to Caldeira

The trail starts and ends at the Caldeira Viewpoint. It descends to the bottom of one of the most spectacular and largest volcanic calderas of the archipelago, where you can find, in perfect state of conservation, the natural vegetation of the Azores.

On the descent to Caldeira, it is possible to observe the abundant exuberance of the wet Laurel forest. This is one of the most precious natural flora redoubts of the archipelago, located in the caldera of a volcano with an area of about 330 ha, 2 km in diameter and an average depth of 400 m.

Given the need to preserve the natural values present in the Caldeira do Faial, with emphasis on the geological, biological and landscape uniqueness of this place, the Caldeira do Faial's Interior Access Regulation was created.

According to this regulation, the visit to the Caldeira's interior is made between sunrise and sunset, always accompanied by a Faial Nature Park's guide, and has a maximum load capacity of 40 visitors per day, without exceeding the maximum period of three hours.

The access is ensured by the services provided by entities registered as touristic entertainment companies, as well as, travel agencies, proprietary or operating companies of touristic enterprises and nature tourism enterprises, under the conditions defined on the applicable law.

The referred entities provide the service of guiding the visitors to the Caldeira’s interior through guides of the Azores Nature Parks, qualified with the training of Faial Caldera’s guide. Check the “What to do” area, on the Park Partners’ tab.


Caldeira do Faial's Interior Access Regulation, click here.

Norms of Conduct on Caldeira do Faial, click here.


Difficulty level: Hard

Length: 3 km

Average duration: 3h30


Minimum altitude: 574 m

Maximum altitude: 908 m

Recommended gear: Appropriate footwear for walking, waterproof jacket, hat, sunscreen and water.


Start and End: Caldeira Viewpoint (38°34'49.44'' N | 28°42'23.14'' W)


Getting there

Leaving from Largo Duque D'Ávila e Bolama, in the centre of Horta city, in front of City Hall, head north towards Flamengos parish and follow the signs with "Caldeira" indication.